Volume-Weighted Average Price Formula

What is the Volume-Weighted Average Price?

The volume-weighted average price (VWAP) represents a stock’s average price, weighted based on the total trading volume. Usually, investors use it to determine the average price that the stock has traded on the stock market for a day. The volume-weighted average price considers two factors, the stock’s price, and its trade volume.

Using the volume-weighted average price for a stock, investors can determine the mean for the stock’s price performance. On top of that, it also provides them with a method to identify trends and predict future performance. Furthermore, it allows investors to determine whether they are receiving the best price for their stocks. The volume-weighted average price is critical in algorithm-based trading programs.

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How does the Volume-Weighted Average Price?

The volume-weighted average price measures the weighted average price for a stock adjusted by volume. This way, it allows investors to calculate trends and make a decision accordingly. Based on this information, they can buy or sell stocks without any significant impacts. The VWAP also provides a rule for investors to make decisions.

Usually, investors buy stocks when the price falls below the volume-weighted average price. On the other hand, a stock price above this point will mean investors can profit from selling stocks. Using this approach, investors move the average back towards the volume-weighted average price. The volume-weighted average price is a significantly important tool for all investors, whether individual or institutional.

What is the Volume-Weighted Average Price formula?

The volume-weighted average price formula considers the average price and volume of a specific stock for a single day. It includes all of this information from the time the market opens up to when it closes. The VWAP formula only uses intraday information to calculate the average price. The volume-weighted average price formula is as below.

Volume-Weighted Average Price = Price x Volume / ∑ Volume

For the above formula, investors need to accumulate the price and volume data of a specific stock. After doing so, they must calculate the product of the price and volume for the data.  Next, they must add all these products to obtain the numerator for the above formula. Similarly, they must sum up all the volume information to get the denominator part.

Investors can also calculate the VWAP continuously throughout the day. For that, they must calculate the average price of the stock traded for the first five-minute period of the day. For that, they must calculate the sum of the high, low, and close price and divide it by three to obtain an average. Next, they must multiply it by the volume for the period. They can use this to calculate the VWAP for that period.

Once calculated, investors can add the product of price and value from each period to the values calculated before. Next, they can calculate the updated volume-weighted average price formula. Throughout the day, investors can keep adding updated figures to the calculation to get the latest price.

Conclusion

The volume-weighted average price is an average price for a stock that investors calculate based on a total trading volume. This price allows investors to determine the mean position for a stock’s price and make investment decisions accordingly. It also helps investors in confirming stock trends and maximizing their returns.

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