What is Commodity Price Index

What are commodities?

Commodities represent basic goods available in the market. These goods are interchangeable with other goods of the same type. Similarly, investors can also buy and sell them on dedicated markets. Some examples of commodities include precious metals, food items, oil, natural gases, etc. Usually, these goods come from producers, who are responsible for providing the market.

However, commodities are volatile investments compared to other assets. It is usually because these assets experience continuous price fluctuations. Investors can include any specific commodity in their portfolio by acquiring it from the market. However, they also have the option to invest in a commodity index.

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What is a Commodity Index?

The term commodity index refers to an investment vehicle that tracks the prices and returns on commodity investments. These investments usually consist of a basket of commodities. When investors want to include commodities in their investment portfolio, they can invest in these indexes. These investments are available on various exchanges.

Using commodity indexes, investors can access the commodities market. Like other indexes, these commodity indexes use the underlying commodities to derive a value. Therefore, any fluctuations in the underlying commodities’ prices can also impact the index’s overall price. Investors can trade this value on an exchange.

There are many types of commodity price indexes from which investors can choose. The difference comes in the way each index is weighted. One of the types of commodity indexes is the commodity price index.

What is a Commodity Price Index?

A commodity price index is a type of fixed-weighted commodity index. Sometimes, a commodity price index may also be a weighted average of underlying commodity prices. The index value for commodity price indexes comes from a spot or future price. Commodity price indexes are representative of a wide range of commodities. Some indexes may also include a specific type of commodity.

Commodity price indexes track a basket of commodities that measure their prices. Any fluctuations in the price of the underlying commodities can cause movements in the index price as well. Investors can access these indexes on exchanges. Therefore, investors can enter the commodities market without having to enter the futures market.

How do Commodity Indexes work?

Different commodity indexes track the market price of a specific or broad range of commodities. Each index has a different structure based on which commodities it includes. On top of that, the weighting process of each index may differ. For example, an index weighted based on an underlying commodity is known as a commodity price index.

Commodity indexes have been a popular choice among investors for over a decade. Its popularity comes from the fact that commodity indexes allow investors to invest in commodities without active management. Similarly, investors don’t need to track each commodity’s price by themselves. Instead, they can invest in a commodity index to bring all of these under one roof.


Commodities are basic goods available in the market which are interchangeable with goods of the same type. A commodity index represents an investment vehicle that tracks the prices and returns on commodities. A commodity price index derives its value from the prices of underlying commodities. This value for this index comes from a spot or future price.

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