What Is Operational Risk Management

Companies need to face various types of risks during their operations. Most of these risks accompany adverse implications for a company and cause damage to its operations. Therefore, identifying and dealing with these risks promptly is crucial for a company’s success. These risks may come in various forms and from different sources. Among these, one of the most prevalent risks is operational risk. Before understanding operational risk management, it is crucial to look at operational risks.

What is Operational Risk?

Operational risks represent all uncertainties and hazards that companies face during their daily activities. These are uncertainties that come from within a company rather than outside of it. Since operational risks relate to a company’s operations, they might be different for each type of company or industry. Operational risks don’t necessarily need to result in losses. However, they can impact a company’s operations.

Operational risk relates to the decisions that companies make and the procedures and processes in place. There are various sources from where these risks may come. For example, operational risks can come from product failure, health and safety issues, interruptions in processes, errors or omissions, litigation, etc. Identifying and managing operational risks is crucial for companies.

What is Operational Risk Management?

Operational risk management is a technique that companies use to manage their risks. These include processes and strategies that they put in place to identify and mitigate those risks. Operational risk management comes due to operational risks, such as internal processes failure, human errors, or external events.

There are four principles included in an effective operational risk management framework. These include the following.

  • Accept risks when the benefits outweigh the costs.
  • Reject unnecessary risks.
  • Anticipate and manage risks through planning.
  • Make risk decisions promptly at the right level.

For many years, companies ignored operational risks and considered them trivial. These companies believe that operational risks depend on random variables occurring. However, more companies are putting emphasis on an effective operational risk management process. Through this, companies have taken a better view of their operational risks and managed them properly.

Operational risk management starts with understanding a company’s nature and the risks associated with it. As mentioned, these risks will differ according to the company’s processes and operations. Once companies get an understanding of their operations, they can identify the risks associated with it. Similarly, they can design ways to manage and mitigate them.

What are the benefits of Operational Risk Management?

Operational risk management can have various benefits for companies. Firstly, these improve the reliability of business operations due to fewer failures. It also strengthens the decision-making process where companies face risks. Similarly, it lowers any costs associated with failures, for example, compliance costs.

Operational risk management also reduces the overall impact or damage caused to companies. It improves the effectiveness of risk management operations with companies. It also allows companies to take a proactive approach to manage risks.  It also comes with many other benefits for companies.


Operational risk relates to the issues that companies face during their daily activities. These stem from a company’s operations and can have an adverse impact on the company. Operational risk management is a technique used by companies to manage their risks. It involves identifying risks and managing them and can have many benefits for companies.

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