Author: Harbourfront Technologies

How Volatility and Commodity ETFs Impact the Markets

Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) have undeniably transformed the financial industry, providing investors with unprecedented ease of access to diverse portfolios. However, their impact on the market isn’t uniformly positive. The surge in ETF popularity has raised concerns about potential distortions and increased market fragility. Critics argue that the sheer size …

How Long Do Grantees Hold Onto Their ESOs?

Employee stock options (ESOs) are a compensation tool offered by companies to their employees, granting them the right to purchase shares of the company’s stock at a predetermined price. ESOs serve as incentives for employees, aligning their interests with the company’s success and long-term growth. Typically, these options have a …

Incorporating Volume into Volatility Forecasting

Volatility forecasting plays an important role in finance. Its importance lies in the fact that it enables us to effectively price options and plan trading and hedging activities. By providing insights into future market volatility, this forecasting becomes an essential tool for investors, enabling them to make informed decisions that …

Price Dynamics of Different Stock Sectors

The U.S. market is a vast and intricate financial landscape that can be dissected into several sectors, each representing a specific segment of the economy. These sectors are typically classified based on the type of goods or services they produce. Common sectors include Information Technology, Health Care, Financials, Consumer Discretionary, …

Valuing Startups Using Real Options

A startup is a fledgling company or entrepreneurial venture in its early stages of development, typically characterized by innovation, a focus on disruptive technology or business models, and the pursuit of rapid growth. Startups often face high levels of uncertainty and risk, seeking to fill a gap in the market …

The Impact of Passive ETF Ownership on the Market

Passive investing, particularly through Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs), has transformed the world of finance. With ETFs, investors can gain exposure to various asset classes, including stocks, bonds, commodities, and more, while maintaining a passive and diversified approach to their portfolios. Unlike actively managed funds, which aim to outperform the market, passive …

Do Covered Calls Deliver Superior Returns?

The covered call strategy is a popular and conservative options trading approach. It involves an investor holding a long position in an underlying asset, typically a stock, and then selling call options on that asset. These call options provide the buyer with the right to purchase the underlying asset at …

Forecasting Credit Indices: Which Models Are Stable?

Credit indices are financial instruments used to gauge the overall creditworthiness and risk of a particular market or sector. These indices provide investors with a snapshot of credit risk within a specific market, allowing them to assess the health and stability of that market. There are two prevalent categories of …