# Book-to-Bill Ratio: Definition, Calculation, Example, Explained

In financial analysis, the book-to-bill ratio is a significant metric used to assess a company’s performance. Understanding how to interpret this ratio provides valuable insights into a company’s demand dynamics and sales performance.

## What is the Book-to-Bill Ratio?

The book-to-bill ratio is a financial metric used to assess the health and performance of a company, particularly in the technology and manufacturing industries. It is a comparison between the value of new orders received (“bookings”) and that of goods or services shipped or billed to customers (“billings”) over a specific period.

The book-to-bill ratio is a metric to gauge the overall health of an industry or sector. It provides insights into the growth and momentum of companies and can indicate future revenue trends and market conditions. However, it’s important to note that the book-to-bill ratio is just one of many metrics used to evaluate a company’s performance and is considered in conjunction with other financial and operational indicators.

## How to calculate the Book-to-Bill Ratio?

Companies and investors can use the following formula for the book-to-bill ratio.

Book-to-Bill Ratio = Total Value of New Orders Received / Total Value of Goods or Services Shipped or Billed

The first step in calculating the book-to-bill ratio is to obtain the total value of new orders received by the company during a specific period. It represents the value of all new contracts or sales agreements made with customers during that period. Next, calculate the total value of goods or services the company shipped to customers or billed during the same period.

Lastly, divide the total value of new orders received by the total value of goods or services shipped or billed. The result of the calculation is the book-to-bill ratio.

## Example

Red Co. is a technology company specializing in the manufacturing and selling of electronic gadgets. During the first quarter, the company received new orders, totalling \$200,000.Throughout the same quarter, Red Co. shipped and billed customers for previously received orders, resulting in a total value of \$180,000.

Based on the above figures, the book-to-bill ratio for Red Co. will be as follows.

Book-to-Bill Ratio = Total Value of New Orders Received / Total Value of Goods or Services Shipped or Billed

Book-to-Bill Ratio = \$200,000 / \$180,000

Book-to-Bill Ratio = 1.11

## How to interpret the Book-to-Bill Ratio?

Interpreting the book-to-bill ratio involves understanding the implications of the ratio value in the context of a company’s performance and the industry it operates in. A book-to-bill ratio equal to 1 indicates that the company received new orders valued the same as the goods or services it billed or shipped during the specified period. While a 1:1 ratio may not necessarily be negative, it might reflect a stable but stagnant business environment.

A book-to-bill ratio greater than 1 indicates that the company received more new orders than the value of goods or services it shipped or billed. It suggests a higher demand for the company’s products or services, which can be an optimistic sign.

A book-to-bill ratio of less than 1 means that the company billed or shipped more than the value of new orders received. This could be a concerning sign, as it suggests a decline in demand relative to the company’s capacity to produce and deliver goods or services.

## Conclusion

The book-to-bill ratio shows the relationship between the total number of orders booked and the total shipped by a company. This ratio gauges a company’s efficiency in completing its orders. The book-to-bill ratio formula is straightforward and can help determine this relationship. This ratio can be higher, lower, or equal to 1, with each scenario having its interpretation.

## Further questions

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