Financial transactions are the essence of a business. These transactions allow companies and other entities to acquire products or services. Once they do so, they can resell them to generate profits. While most transactions are straightforward, they may also require a legal form. For that purpose, sales and purchase agreements are prevalent.
What is a Sales and Purchase Agreement?
A sales and purchase agreement is a legally binding contract to support a transaction. With this agreement, a party known as the seller sells an item. On the other hand, the other party, the buyer, receives or purchases it. A sales and purchase agreement obligates a transaction between those two parties. This agreement is prevalent in most financial transactions.
A sales and purchase agreement includes the terms and conditions for each transaction. Usually, it defines the compensation received and the items provided in exchange. Both parties entering the contract may go through various negotiations to reach those terms. However, those negotiations do not become a part of the final contract. Instead, only the agreed-upon terms get drafted into the sales and purchase agreement.
Overall, a sales and purchase agreement sets out the details of a financial transaction. It allows both parties to understand their responsibilities in fulfilling that agreement. On top of that, it also acts as a legally binding contract in case of future disputes. A sales and purchase agreement is an essential document for most financial transactions.
What are the uses for a Sales and Purchase Agreement?
A sales and purchase agreement is crucial for all financial transactions. This agreement sets the expectation for every business deal. However, sales and purchase agreements are most common in real estate transactions. When acquiring real estate or properties, the buyer and seller negotiate the final price. Once they reach an agreed-upon amount, they prepare a sales and purchase agreement.
On top of that, sales and purchase agreements are also prevalent for companies and businesses. Most companies use them with their suppliers and distributors. In those cases, these agreements act as a contract for revolving transactions. Similarly, they are common when shareholders acquire a company’s shares. Lastly, sales and purchase agreements are also prevalent for mergers and acquisitions.
The sales and purchase agreement includes various crucial elements. They usually contain the parties involved, the agreement to sell and purchase, the consideration, and the product or service. On top of these, some sales and purchase agreements may also include warranties and indemnities or other conditions. Lastly, these agreements also include clauses related to the contract’s completion and post-completion.
A company, Red Co., agrees to acquire another company. Red Co. drafts a sales and purchase agreement to support the transaction. This contract mentions a date, terms and conditions, and other elements. A sample sales and purchase agreement may include the following terms.
“In accordance to the Sale and Purchase Agreement (SPA) dated XX/XX/XXXX, an agreement was entered into between Red Co. (the “Purchaser”) and the company (the “Seller”) which allows The Purchaser to acquire XX% of the Seller’s shares.”
The above defines the sales and purchase agreement between the companies. On top of that, this agreement will also include terms related to the obligations for both parties. An example of these terms may include the following.
“The price to be paid by the Purchaser to the Seller for the Shares will be $XXX million (the “Total Purchase Price”).”
Furthermore, it may elaborate on the form of the underlying payment as follows.
“The Total Purchase Price for the Shares will be paid by the Purchaser in one lump sum payment to the Seller in the form of a check, a Teller’s check, or an electronic money transfer.”
The sales and purchase agreement will also include clauses related to the transaction closing. The clause for it may include the following details.
“The Closing of the purchase and sale of the Shares will take place on XX/XX/XXXX (the “Closing Date”) at XYZ location or at such other time and place as the Purchaser and Seller mutually agree.”
Apart from these, a sales and purchase agreement will also include other details. However, the above are the most common terms and conditions for those contracts.
A sales and purchase agreement occurs between a buyer and a seller. It is a legally binding contract that obligates both parties to a transaction. Usually, these agreements are prevalent in real estate deals. However, they are also essential to business deals, including supply chain contracts, mergers and acquisitions, etc.